Killing of Carroll Manning in Texas in 1931


Case summary

Carroll Manning (1898-1931), a laborer, was killed in Fairfield, Firestone County, Texas. Circumstances are unclear. Newspapers report that two Black men, Son Bailey and Carl Bailey, were held for shooting Manning over a dice game. A letter to the NAACP alleges that the actual shooters were a man named “Jones” and his brother-in-law Hickey Lewis, both Black, who were hired to kill Manning by constable Thornton Killough and other whites. The letter suggests that Killough was allowing Jones and Lewis to illegally manufacture alcohol in exchange for protection from prosecution.


Alleged perpetrators/other named individuals:
Perpetrator group type: police

Date of incident: 1931-11-15
Location: Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas
Location type: unknown - rural
Allegation against victim: [ ]

Coroner process
Coroner/inquest: [ ]
Finding of no legal responsibility: [ ]

Criminal process
Arrest: [ ]
Charge/indictment/information: [ ]
Grand jury: [ ]
Trial: [ ]
Conviction: [ ]
Sentence: [ ]

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