Killing of George Hughes in Texas in 1930


Case summary

George Hughes, age 41, a farm laborer, was killed in 1930 by a mob in Sherman, Grayson County, Texas. Hughes, accused of attacking a white woman, was in the courthouse for his trial. Ostensibly to protect him from the mob, prison officials locked him in a vault. The mob, unable to reach him, burned down the courthouse building and lynched his dead body. According to newspaper accounts, the size of the mob swelled into the thousands. The mob rioted, terrorizing the Black section of Sherman and burning most of the neighborhood to the ground.


Alleged perpetrators/other named individuals:
Perpetrator group type: mob

Date of incident: 1930-05-09
Location: Sherman, Grayson County, Texas
Location type: public space - urban
Allegation against victim: raping a white woman; dispute over a debt owed to Hughes

Coroner process
Coroner/inquest: yes
Finding of no legal responsibility: [ ]

Criminal process
Arrest: yes
Charge/indictment/information: no
Grand jury: yes
Trial: yes
Conviction: yes
Sentence: 2 years

DOJ case ID:


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